Common Health Issues for Travelers to India
home. A trip to a doctor or travel clinic is recommended well in
necessary immunizations and medications. In particular, the following common health issues should be addressed.
1. DiarrheaThis very common travel ailment is encountered by many travelers and usually results from the consumption of contaminated food and water.
Some people also find that their stomachs and intestines don't
appreciate the change in diet or spicy food. It's a good idea to always
carry Oral Rehydration Salts, as well as anti-diarrhea medicine (such as
Immodium) in case you have to travel and won't have access to a toilet.
- Preventative measures: Only drink bottled water. Avoid
buffets and only eat freshly cooked food that’s served hot. Be careful
of eating washed salads, fresh fruit juice (which may be mixed with
water), and ice. Meat eaters should avoid food from cheap restaurants
and railway station vendors.
2. Malaria and Dengue FeverBoth of these
diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes and are most problematic in areas
where there is stagnant water for mosquitoes to breed, particularly
during and just after the monsoon season.
They can produce some very nasty flu-like symptoms and fever. The
mosquitoes that transmit the diseases are different types — malaria carrying ones usually bite at night, while the dengue fever carrying "tiger striped" mosquitoes bite during the day.
- Preventative measures:
As malaria is a bacterial disease, it can be prevented by taking
anti-malarial drugs. Dengue Fever, being a virus, is best avoided by
taking precautions against mosquito bites, such as wearing a strong
repellent containing DEET, as there is no vaccine currently available.
is virus that affects the liver. Hepatitis A is contracted by ingesting
contaminated food and water, while Hepatitis B is spread through blood
and bodily fluids.
- Preventative measures: Both Hepatitis A and B are preventable by a combined needle stick vaccination.
bacterial disease is usually transmitted by food or water that’s
contaminated with the feces of an infected person. It produces extremely
high fever, sweating, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Preventative measures: Typhoid is preventable by oral or needle vaccination, and treatable by antibiotics.
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